When you’re comparing hypothyroidism vs hyperthyroidism, you can say they’re opposites of one another. They both classify as conditions that affect the thyroid, though. The symptoms and treatment of them differ; however, it’s important for people to realize the symptoms of both, so they don’t have to suffer from unpleasant issues like fatigue and erectile dysfunction that can interfere with their lives.
Hyperthyroidism is a condition that occurs when your body produces too much of the T3 and T4 chemicals and an inadequate amount of the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). The imbalance causes issues with a person’s regulatory bodily function such as heart rate. Because the hormones are being overly produced, a person may experience weight loss. An intolerance to heat is also possible. People who have hyperthyroidism oftentimes are tachycardic, meaning they have a rapid heart rate. It’s possible to experience fatigue and restlessness along with anxiety. Some people experience edema in their ankles, bulging eyeballs, diarrhea, itchy skin, hair loss and redness in their palms. Women may experience an absence of or irregular periods while men can have erectile dysfunction.
Hypothyroid is also an autoimmune issue, but individuals who have this condition produce too little T3 and T4 and too much TSH. Because the body isn’t making enough of these hormones, the person experiences weight gain. They experience an intolerance to the cold. Bradycardia, an issue where the heart beats too slowly, is possible. Fatigue, constipation and depression may occur as well. The hormone imbalance affects the brain’s function, which could result in an inability to concentrate. Muscle stiffness and coarse or dry hair can arise. Both women and men who have hypothyroidism may have a loss of libido. Women may have a heavy flow during their monthly cycle while men can experience erectile dysfunction.
Treating the Conditions
It’s important for a person to avoid self-diagnosis. The symptoms of these conditions are similar to other conditions. Once hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism is suspected, a doctor will perform the necessary hormone testing to confirm the diagnosis.
Not everyone who has one of these conditions requires treatment. Oftentimes, the symptoms are manageable in less serious cases. In moderate to severe cases, however, treatment is necessary for the person to prevent serious complications and live a normal life. Treatment for hypothyroidism vs hyperthyroidism is the opposite one of another. Those with hypothyroidism might need a synthetic form of the T3 and T4 hormones while hyperthyroidism patients require an anti-thyroid medication. Some people develop severe cases of these diseases such as Grave’s disease, which could require surgery. Once a diagnosis of one of these conditions has been made, the patient will require routine monitoring to ensure the current treatment is effective.